The purpose of this article is to provide some basic information about ticks, as well as key details about the various species that you are most likely to encounter in different regions of the United States. If you suspect that you or types of ticks loved one has been bitten by a tick of any kind, try to keep it as intact as possible so you can have it tested.
Place it in a secure container so it can be evaluated by your healthcare provider, veterinarian, or local vector control for identification. Ticks are a type of insects called arthropods. Like spiders, they fall under the classification of arachnids—a specific type of arthropod with eight legs. Unlike spiders, however, ticks feed on blood from mammals—including people, pets and livestock—as well as birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
They have been reported in rural and urban environments around the world, but are most often found in grassy or wooded areas and are typically most active from spring through fall. In general, ticks can be divided into two main families: Both of these families of ticks have species that can transmit diseases to humans; however, the typical length of time required to do so differs just like their feeding habits. Certain hard ticks that carry Lyme diseasefor example, typically must be types of ticks for 36 to 48 hours to infect a host, according to the Centers for Disease Control CDC.
Ticks generally have four stages of life: Eggs, which can number into the thousands are laid by the female tick. After several days of feeding, the larvae develop into nymphs, which can then attach to larger hosts and then ultimately turn into adult ticks. Types of ticks advance through each of these stages by molting, a process during which they shed their outer skin.
Of the nearly species of why do cats purr that exist in the world, only a select number bite types of ticks transmit disease to humans within the United States.
Image Source: Distinguishing Characteristics: Unfed female Eastern blacklegged ticks, also known as deer ticks, are easily distinguished from other ticks by the orange-red body surrounding the black scutum. Males do not feed. A type of hard tick, deer tick populations tend to be higher in elevation, in wooded and grassy areas where the animals they feed on live and roam, particularly their reproductive host, the white-tailed deer. Diseases They Can Transmit: At both adult and nymph stages, deer ticks can transmit Lyme disease as well as AnaplasmosisEhrlichiosisBabesiosisTick-Borne Relapsing Feverand Powassan disease.
Where Found in the U. These ticks are primarily distributed in the Northeastern and Upper Midwestern regions of the United States. Brown dog ticks are a type of hard tick that is most often are found around human dwellings, particularly where dogs reside. They can cause high levels of infestation both on dogs and in homes and can spend their entire life cycle indoors. At multiple stages of its mange in dogs, the brown tick can transmit Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Rickettsia rickettsi i to both humans and dogs.
At both nymphal and adult stages, brown ticks can transmit canine Ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia canis and canine Babesiosis Babesia canis vogel i hookworms in dogs Babesia gibsoni -like parasites to dogs. Brown ticks are found throughout the United States, but particularly in Southern states. A type of hard tick, it is typically found in grass prairies and coastal uplands.
Diseases They can Transmit: Adult ticks can transmit Rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosia form of spotted fever caused by R. Gulf Coast ticks are primarily found in areas along the Atlantic Coast and the Gulf of Types of ticks, but reports of the tick have recently occurred further north, in states like Virginia, and west to Oklahoma and Kansas.
One of the most recognizable ticks, the adult types of ticks lone star tick has a very visible white dot types of ticks lone star in the center of her back. A type of hard tick, the lone star ticks are very aggressive and known to pursue a host over long distances. Lone star ticks are widely distributed throughout the Southeastern, Eastern and South Central states.
The Rocky Mountain wood tick resembles both the American Dog tick and the Gulf Coast tick, but it is a bit huskier in build with a rounded, thicker body.
The saliva from these ticks contains a neurotoxin that can sometimes cause tick paralysis in both humans and pets; however, the paralysis usually dissipates within 24 to 72 hours after tick removal. The Rocky Mountain wood tick is found throughout the Rocky Mountain states in elevations ranging from 4, feet to 10, feet. The Western black-legged tick is similar in appearance to the Eastern black-legged tick, or deer tick, and is the only other known species of tick that can transmit Types of ticks disease.
At the nymph stage, this hard tick feeds primarily on small animals but can also attach to and feed on larger hosts, including humans. Adults generally feed on large mammals, including humans. Western blacklegged ticks are located along the Pacific Coast, particularly in Northern California. But they have also been found inland to eastern Oregon, western Utah, and Arizona. People usually come into contact with these ticks when sleeping in rodent-infested cabins.
Because the bites are painless and the ticks feed quickly usually in less than an hourmost people are unaware that they have been bitten. TBRF is spread by multiple soft-tick species. Ornithodoros hermsi is responsible for most cases in the United States. The two other U. One dot was placed randomly in the county of dog years calculator where known, and shading indicates those states types of ticks TBRF was reportable. Please contact us if you have questions or would types of ticks more information about our tests or testing processes for Lyme disease or other tick-borne diseases.
Why IGeneX? Ticks come in a lot of different varieties that not only look different but also live in different regions and environments and can transmit different types of diseases to both people and animals.
What Are Ticks? Sometimes called wood ticks, American dog ticks are a type of hard tick that is most often found in tall grass, as well as low-lying brush and twigs. At both adult and nymph stages, these ticks can feed on a variety of mammals, but adult females are most likely to bite humans. The adult females are most easily identified by the large, off-white scutum that starkly types of ticks with types of ticks rest of their dark-brown bodies.
Both nymphs and adults can transmit Rickettsia rickettsiawhich causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Feverand the bacteria that causes Tularemia. American dog ticks are primarily found east of the Rocky Mountains, although they can also be found in certain areas along the Pacific Coast.
Tick Talk Resource For the most up to date and accurate information and articles about ticks and tick-borne diseases, please visit Tick Talk Resource.