Know the symptoms of diabetes in dogs described below. If diabetes in dogs dog shows any signs of canine diabetes, seek veterinary care at once.
Work with your vet to determine the right type of diabetic insulin for your individual dog, and the right dosage. Learn how to give your dog insulin injections and reward him generously for accepting them. Consistently feed your diabetic dog the same type of food at the same time of day. Report any unusual symptoms or reactions your dog has to medications or diet to your vet. At the same time, the rate of canine diabetes in America has more than tripled sincediabetes in dogs that today it affects about 1 in every dogs.
But while many human cases are caused and diabetes in dogs be treated by diet, for dogs, diabetes is a lifelong condition that requires careful blood sugar monitoring and daily insulin injections.
Type 1 diabetes affects virtually all dogs with the condition. Dogs can also develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Type 2 formerly adult onset diabetes, which is the result of diabetes in dogs resistance often linked to diet and obesity, is the most common form of diabetes in humans.
The classic symptoms of diabetes in dogs are excessive thirst, increased urinationand weight loss despite normal or increased food consumption. Acute-onset blindness resulting from cataracts can also be a sign. Canine diabetes may be complicated or uncomplicated. Complicated cases, in which the patient is ill, not eating, or vomiting, require hospital care.
Fortunately, most cases are uncomplicated and can be treated at home. What causes diabetes in dogs? Diabetes is one of the most common endocrine diseases affecting middle-aged and senior dogs, with 70 percent of patients older than seven at the time of diagnosis.
Diabetes in puppies hardly exists — diabetes rarely occurs in dogs younger than one year of age, and it is more common in females and neutered males than in intact males.
Because of these diabetes in dogs connections, researchers speculate that diabetes in dogs development of diabetes may have a genetic component.
These disorders have many possible causes, including genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Many holistic veterinarians speculate that they may be linked to overstimulation of the immune system from multiple vaccinations, processed foods, and other environmental insults. Extensive pancreatic damage resulting from chronic pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas may contribute to kong dog toys in 30 percent of canine cases.
Pancreatic disease can also cause exocrine pancreatic insufficiencyor EPI, resulting in a deficiency of digestive enzymes. In females, insulin resistance may accompany the heat cycle, or gestational diabetes may occur during pregnancy.
In these cases, symptoms may disappear when the heat cycle or pregnancy ends. Though many people assume otherwise, there is actually no diabetes in dogs evidence that obesity causes diabetes in dogs. However, obesity can contribute to insulin resistance, making it more difficult to regulate overweight dogs with diabetes. Obesity is also a risk factor for pancreatitis, which can lead to diabetes.
Cataracts are a clouding of the lens of the eye. Diabetic cataracts are a leading cause of blindness in humans, and the same is true for dogs. The majority of canine patients with diabetes develop cataracts within six months of diagnosis, and 80 percent do so within 16 months. The risk of cataract development appears to increase with age regardless of blood sugar levels, so that even well controlled diabetes in dogs dogs can develop cataracts.
Surgery has saved the sight of many dogs. Cataracts treated in lyme disease in dogs early immature stage have the highest success rate and fewest surgical complications.
Hypermature cataracts create inflammation uveitiscausing pain, eye redness, and pupil constriction. When uveitis is seen prior to surgery, the success rate for pain-free vision six months later is only 50 percent, as opposed to 95 percent for those with no pre-surgical uveitis.
Phacoemulsification to remove the lens is the preferred surgical method for diabetic dogs. After surgery, an artificial lens is installed for optimal post-operative vision. Other potential complications from diabetes include decreased corneal sensitivity, and keratoconjunctivitis sicca dry eye. Complication risks of diabetes for humans are similar. Diabetic nephropathya kidney problem, occurs in 40 percent of human patients and takes many years to develop.
Early changes may be diabetes in dogs if blood sugar levels improve. Infections — especially urinary tract infections UTIs — are common among dogs with diabetes because sugar in urine makes the bladder an ideal incubator for bacteria. In one study, half of the diabetic dogs tested had occult or hidden urinary tract infections that were not detected by urinalysis.
The possibility of UTIs in dogs with diabetes is so great that their urine should be cultured periodically to detect infections. A long course of antibiotics lasting six to eight weeks can be administered if needed.
Follow-up cultures and frequent retesting are recommended. Dogs with diabetes are also susceptible to infections of the mouth and gums.
Diabetic pets should have their teeth checked regularly and cleaned if necessary. Dental tartar seeds the body with bacteria, and when blood sugar levels run high, infections in important organs can take root.
The kidneys and heart are particularly vulnerable. Liver hepatic disease is another common problem, resulting from altered fat metabolism caused by diabetes. In one survey of dogs with diabetes, over 70 percent had elevated liver enzymes. Ultrasound tests and can dogs eat cheese help differentiate between primary hepatic disease and secondary complications of diabetes.
Pancreatitis affects diabetes in dogs estimated 40 percent of dogs with diabetes. Hypothyroidism an underactive thyroid may coincide with diabetes.
In the study mentioned above, 9 percent of diabetic canines were hypothyroid. However, thyroid hormone deficiency can result in insulin resistance, complicating diabetes in dogs control.
Thyroid hormone replacement should be instituted gradually in dogs with diabetes since their insulin requirements will decrease and, without dosage adjustments, severe hypoglycemia may occur. It makes sense to test diabetic dogs for hypothyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism, but only after their diabetes is controlled.
Otherwise, the diabetes will affect test results. Hyperlipidemia usually improves as blood sugar levels are controlled. Reducing fat in the diet can help to lower triglyceride levels. Elevated cholesterol is often linked to hypothyroidism. Insulin resistance should be investigated in patients who need doses of 1 unit or more of insulin per pound of body diabetes in dogs. With proper treatment, diabetic dogs have survival rates very similar to those of non-diabetic dogs of the same age and gender, though their risk is greatest during the first six months of treatment, when insulin therapy is introduced and glucose levels are being regulated.
But once their condition stabilizes, diabetic dogs can lead happy, healthy lives. Buster was diagnosed with diabetes three years ago after suddenly going blind due to cataracts. He has lots of energy, his coat is thick and shiny, his stools are formed and regular, and his teeth sparkle.
I do brush his teeth three times a week, which I am sure helps. Your veterinarian is your best advisor when it comes to medication. There are many different insulin products, and individual responses vary. Finding the right insulin for your dog may require experimentation.
Insulin varies in diabetes in dogs of onset, peak, and duration of action. Most dogs do well with intermediate-acting insulin, such as Humulin N, though some do better with long-acting insulin or mixtures that combine different types.
Alise Shatoff of San Diego, California, adopted her dog Gryffin five years ago at age four, when he was surrendered after what is catnip diabetes. This one works really well for dogs on a raw diet. Gryffin has been nice and stable on the Humulin N for four years now. Porcine derived from pigs and recombinant human insulin most closely resemble insulin produced by dogs, so they usually work best. Although beef insulin was successfully used before the advent of other choices, it is no longer recommended for dogs because it may result in the production of anti-insulin antibodies, leading to poor glucose control.
It is the exact same insulin that Eli Lilly makes for all pharmacies, but it is packaged for Walmart under their ReliOn brand. Insulin is typically administered twice a day, immediately before or after a meal. Assuming your dog is a chow hound, feeding her after administering insulin can be a reward for hookworms in dogs to the injection. It is important to give insulin injections properly.
If possible, have your veterinarian observe you giving insulin to your dog. When a dog is first diagnosed, frequent monitoring, such as every one to two weeks, may be required until the patient is stable and doing well. After that, monitoring every three to six months veterinary exam, blood best dog food, urinalysis, and urine culture is recommended. Measuring fructosamine glycated serum protein is a helpful way to monitor glucose diabetes in dogs. Blood glucose fluctuations leave a metabolic mark that lasts a week or two, and fructosamine reflects the average blood glucose over that time span.
Because fructosamine looks at averages, it will not distinguish excellent control from wide swings of high to low glucose readings, but even with this limitation, fructosamine is worth including in periodic monitoring tests. Ketones are water-soluble compounds produced as by-products when fatty acids are broken down for energy in the liver and kidneys.
Dangerously high levels of ketones, called ketoacidosis, can lead to diabetic coma or death. Symptoms include nausea, lack of appetite, and lethargy. Ketostix are used to detect ketones in urine and can be obtained at any pharmacy. Finding ketones occasionally is not a problem, but a positive dipstick three diabetes in dogs in a row requires a veterinary visit.
Because the culprits are carbohydrates and obesity, weight loss and a high-protein, low-carb diet are sometimes all the treatment that is needed. But for dogs with type 1 diabetes, there is no single recommended diet. The most important factor is that the dog likes the food and eats it willingly.